Monday, September 26, 2011

How to get the sqlite path, in asset folder

Dear all.
If there is a situation that you have to keep your database file in assets folder and you require path for the sqlite file.
Solution: Then you need to copy that file to data/data/yourapplication/database the folder where your applications database are stored.
But Always keep in mind that database file(i.e *.sqlite) can have only  1 mb size. If still you want to keep your larger size (>1 mb) then there is a trick. make the extension of database file as jpeg So your assets folder allow you to keep jpeg file of any size.

Below is the code which can be used to copy database file from assets and pastes in application database folder
So then you can easily get the sqlite path.


  

import java.io.FileNotFoundException;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.io.OutputStream;
import android.content.Context;
import android.database.sqlite.SQLiteDatabase;
import android.database.sqlite.SQLiteException;
import android.database.sqlite.SQLiteOpenHelper;
public class DataBaseHelper1 extends SQLiteOpenHelper{
//The Android's default system path of your application database.
public static String DB_PATH = "/data/data/com.XXX.XXX/databases/";
private static String DB_NAME = "india.sqlite";
private static String DB_NAME_MY = "india.sqlite";
private SQLiteDatabase myDataBase; 
private final Context myContext;

/**
 * Constructor
 * Takes and keeps a reference of the passed context in order to access to the  application assets and resources.
 * @param context
 */

public DataBaseHelper1(Context context){
    super(context, DB_NAME, null, 1);
    this.myContext = context;
 }  

/**
 * Creates a empty database on the system and rewrites it with your own database.
 * */
public void createDataBase() throws IOException{
    // for first database;
    boolean dbExist = checkDataBase(DB_NAME);
    if(!dbExist){
        try {
            copyDataBase(DB_NAME_MY,DB_NAME);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            throw new Error("Error copying database");
        }
    }
}

/**
 * Check if the database already exist to avoid re-copying the file each time you open the application.
 * @return true if it exists, false if it doesn't
 */
private boolean checkDataBase(String DB){
    SQLiteDatabase checkDB = null;
    try{
        String myPath = DB_PATH + DB;
        checkDB = SQLiteDatabase.openDatabase(myPath, null,  SQLiteDatabase.OPEN_READONLY);

    }catch(SQLiteException e){}

    if(checkDB != null){

        checkDB.close();

    }

    return checkDB != null ? true : false;
}
/**
 * Copies your database from your local assets-folder to the just created empty database in the
 * system folder, from where it can be accessed and handled.
 * This is done by transfering bytestream.
 * */
private void copyDataBase(String assetfile,String DB) {

    //Open your local db as the input stream
    InputStream myInput = null;
    //Open the empty db as the output stream
    OutputStream myOutput = null;
    try {
        myInput = myContext.getAssets().open(assetfile);

        // Path to the just created empty db
        String outFileName = DB_PATH + DB;

        myOutput = new FileOutputStream(outFileName);

        //transfer bytes from the inputfile to the outputfile
        byte[] buffer = new byte[1024];
        int length;
        while ((length = myInput.read(buffer))>0){
            myOutput.write(buffer, 0, length);
        }


        System.out.println("***************************************");
        System.out.println("####### Data base copied ##############");
        System.out.println("***************************************");


    } catch (FileNotFoundException e) {
        // TODO Auto-generated catch block
        e.printStackTrace();
    } catch (IOException e) {
        // TODO Auto-generated catch block
        e.printStackTrace();
     }
          finally{
          //Close the streams
          try {
        myOutput.flush();
        myOutput.close();
        myInput.close();
    } catch (IOException e) {
        // TODO Auto-generated catch block
        e.printStackTrace();
    }
 }
}
public void openDataBase() {

    try {
        //Open the database
        String myPath = DB_PATH + DB_NAME;
        myDataBase = SQLiteDatabase.openDatabase(myPath, null, SQLiteDatabase.OPEN_READONLY);
    } catch (Exception e) {
        // TODO Auto-generated catch block
        e.printStackTrace();
    }
}
@Overridepublic synchronized void close() {

        if(myDataBase != null)
            myDataBase.close();

        super.close();
}
@Overridepublic void onCreate(SQLiteDatabase db) {
}
@Overridepublic void onUpgrade(SQLiteDatabase db, int oldVersion, int newVersion) {
}

    // Add your public helper methods to access and get content from the database.
   // You could return cursors by doing "return myDataBase.query(....)" so it'd be easy
   // to you to create adapters for your views.

 }
 
Thanx.. 

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